Himachal PradeshJammu & KashmirNorth India

J&K, Himachal May See High Temperature Rise In 2030, 2050, 2085

The new study points towards rising temperatures in North India in the near future.

According to a new report released by the government, it has been observed that Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand are projected to witness high-temperature increases in 2030, 2050, 2085.

New Delhi: The report mentioned that Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand are the only places that are likely to witness an increase in high temperature over periods of 2030, 2050, and 2085. This study was conducted by The Forest Survey of India (FSI) in collaboration with the Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) Pilani, Goa. The study was based on the important theme, ‘Mapping of Climate Change Hotspots in Indian Forests’.

This collaborative study was mapped out with the help of a computer model-based projection of temperature and rainfall data, for the future time periods i.e. the years 2030, 2050, and 2085.

According to the India State of Forests Report (ISFR) 2021, the collaborative study was carried out with one major objective which was to map climatic hotspots over the forest cover in India.

This special report was released by Union Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav said.

“By analyzing scenarios in the study periods that is 2030, 2050, 2085, it has been observed that Ladakh, Jammu Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, and Uttarakhand are projected to witness a high-temperature increase, while Andaman and Nicobar Islands, West Bengal, Goa, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh are projected to witness the least temperature rise over these periods,”.

The report also defined the areas that will experience an increase or decrease in rainfall. The places likely to experience the least increase and sometimes even decline in rainfall are Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, north-western parts of the country namely Ladakh, Jammu, and Kashmir, and Himachal Pradesh. The states that will experience the highest increase in rainfall are the north-eastern states and the Upper Malabar coast of India.

The report mentioned, “Mapping of climatic hotspots over the forest cover in India using computer model-based projection of temperature and rainfall data has been carried out for three future time periods, i.e. year 2030, 2050 and 2085. The period 2030 represents a near-term timeline that coincides with the global short-term climate action horizon. Period 2050 represents the mid-term timeline and coincides with global long-term climate action goals. The period 2085 represents a long-term time horizon,”.

Climate change is super real and the increase in the toxic effects of greenhouse gases and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is steadily increasing the mean global atmospheric temperatures.

The natural phenomena of precipitation are drastically affected by such a rise in temperature. It also affects and impacts the essential biological processes and ecosystems of nature that are crucial for the survival of life on earth. The report also added that climate change negatively impacts weather patterns and they have a cascading effect on farming and public health.

The mean global temperatures have already risen by more than 1 degrees Celsius as compared to pre-industrial times, according to the IPCC report released in 2021.

Forests play a super important role when it comes to climate change mitigation. They are most certainly the

biggest terrestrial reservoir of carbon on the planet. If they are cut, burnt or destroyed, these forests can become the major source of carbon dioxide and other GreenHouse gases.

India, by 2030 aims at achieving the target of creating a carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide that will be equivalent through additional forest and tree cover.

As compared to the last assessment of 2019, there has been an increase in the carbon stock of the country. There is an increase of  79.4 million tonnes in the carbon stock of the country. The current total carbon stock of India is amounted to be 7,204 million tonnes as per the current assessment.

The largest pool of carbon stock in forests, which has been estimated at 4,010.2 million tonnes, is represented by Soil organic carbon (SOC). A total of 56 percent of the total forest carbon stock of the country is contributed by SOC, as per the report.

The report also mentioned that Arunachal Pradesh has the maximum carbon stock of 1023.84 million tonnes (mt) followed by Madhya Pradesh 609.25 mt, Chhattisgarh 496.44 mt, And Maharashtra 451.61 mt.

“The per hectare carbon stock among different states, UTs indicates that Jammu and Kashmir are contributing maximum per hectare carbon stock of 173.41 tonnes per hectare followed by Himachal Pradesh with 167.10 tonnes per hectare, Sikkim 166.24 tonnes per hectare, and Andaman and Nicobar Islands 162.86 tonnes per hectare,” the report said.

It concluded that over the last five biennial assessments, the carbon stock of the country’s forest has shown an increasing trend. It has been seen that between the period 2011 to 2021, the carbon stock has risen from 6,663 million tonnes in the 2011 assessment to 7,204 million tonnes in the present assessment showing an increase of 541 million tonnes


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